Enlarged Prostate: Pathological Process and their Treatment
Throughout the life of a man, the size of the prostate gland is continuously changing. By the time of birth, it is very small, and in the course of time, it increases in size. The peak of organ growth is due to puberty. By the time of majority, it reaches an absolute value and does not change until 40 years.
By the age of fifty, the size of the prostate already exceeds the value that was observed in 20-30 years, but this is a natural process, and if there are no pathological processes in the gland, the increase occurs within the limits of the norm.
Ageing of the body
The expansion of the prostate in adolescence and adulthood is different. If at the first growth spike the prostate gland increased evenly, then the second change occurs mainly toward the bladder. Significant growth leads to a malfunction of the urination, as the enlarged prostate, squeezing the urethra, prevents the free emptying of the bladder. Moreover, the more it has increased in size, the more pronounced the symptoms and the worse the condition of the man.
In case the prostate size exceeds the norm, the urologist diagnoses benign hyperplasia. Signs of an increase in the prostate are not detected immediately; tissues grow gradually and begin to cause discomfort only when the prostate becomes excessively large. Without diagnostic tools, it is impossible to know about the onset of a pathological change in the prostate. You can see the adenoma on the photo.
An enlarged prostate can be a sign of inflammatory processes that occur in the organs, in which case the urologist diagnoses prostatitis. Inflammation of the prostate gland can occur due to infection of the organ with pathogenic micro-flora or as a result of stagnant phenomena in the pelvic organs caused by a sedentary lifestyle and casual sex.
Cancer, like good education, develops slowly, with symptoms similar to adenoma, is diagnosed by a blood test for PSA. To diagnose a malignant tumour in the early stages, after 40 years it is desirable to carry out a dynamic observation of the change in the prostate.
Depending on the type of pathology, the doctor prescribes appropriate treatment. To determine the type of disease and exclude cancer, instrumental and laboratory studies are conducted; the volume and thickness of the prostate, blood composition are studied. After receiving the results, the doctor is determined with the treatment technique.
Methods of treatment:
Medications to prevent the pathological growth of the prostate are selected individually. Among drugs, the following groups are distinguished:
- Hormonal preparations;
Physiotherapy is usually used as an auxiliary method of treatment. Folk remedies are aimed at eliminating inflammatory processes in the prostate gland. For this, medicinal herbs, roots, berries and bee products are used. Timely examination and comprehensive treatment allow you to avoid severe complications and surgery, to maintain the reproductive function of men, so it is essential to consult a doctor at the first symptoms of a micturition.
You can know something or two about prostate massage here.
Prostate enlargement: symptoms
Pathological processes do not always accompany a significant change in the prostate, and therefore this process is trying to track. As a result of ageing, the production of testosterone decreases, and the level of estrogen, on the contrary, increases, and this helps to exceed the body’s growth rate. Sometimes, the reasons for prostate enlargement can be prevented independently. Factors unfavourably affecting the prostate gland include the following:
- Insufficient physical activity;
- Nicotine dependence;
- Alcohol abuse;
- Irregular sex or promiscuity;
Stagnant phenomena in the pelvic organs often cause prostate enlargement. This can be avoided if you change your way of life: eat right, exercise, exclude bad habits and lead a regular sex life.
Prostate Enlargement: Symptoms that Characterize Pathological Processes
As can be seen from the article, the prostate increases for various reasons: ageing, benign or a malignant tumour in the body, prostatitis. The clinical picture of symptoms of prostate enlargement for multiple purposes is similar in such an indicator as the difficulty of the process of urination due to excessive pressure on the urinary tract. However, prostate adenoma and prostatitis have their distinctive features. Let us consider them in more detail.
Symptoms of adenoma:
- Frequent urination;
- The urine continues to drip after completion of the emptying process;
- Impossibility to endure the urge to urinate;
- Pain when urinating ;
- The not passing sensation of a full bladder.
There are three stages of adenoma (BPH):
Compensated: It is characterised by frequent but painless urination. The period in which this stage develops is long, up to 10 years.
Sub compensated: During the urination there are pains, the urine stream is weak, intermittent. In acute respiratory infections, stress, intoxication (alcohol, drugs), there may be acute urinary retention. If you do not take measures to treat the disease, then in a couple of years it goes into the next stage.
Decompensated: For the emptying of the bladder, the man makes considerable efforts, attempts at which the hernias develop. There are severe violations of kidney function. The body is continuously in a state of intoxication. At this stage, the patient is hospitalised for emergency care.
Symptoms of prostatitis
Depending on what kind of ailment was caused by an increase in the prostate, the symptoms may vary. The acute form is characterised by severe pain in the lower abdomen, back, perineum, high body temperature, pain during urination and defecation, purulent discharge from the urethra. Pathological processes develop rapidly, but if treatment is timely, then recovery is fast and effective.
With chronic prostatitis, all symptoms are vague and weakly expressed. The pain is felt as pulling; there is no general intoxication of the body. To diagnose a chronic form, such indicators as sexual dysfunction, nervous disorders, and difficulty urinating come to the fore.
In many men, the prostate enlarges with age, because the prostate gland does not cease to grow throughout life. Men older than 40 years should regularly undergo screening for prostate cancer to avoid any unpleasant surprise. Certain medications, lifestyle changes and surgical interventions can eliminate the unpleasant Enlarged Prostate Symptoms and effects of benign prostatic hyperplasia. With proper treatment of this, men can maintain a healthy sex life.